A Project of the University of Michigan Law School and the MDefenders Program

Pg. 13 – noting that there is no reliable scientific study validating the hypothesis that shaking alone can cause bleeding in the brain and eyes and neurological impairment; accidents can cause these symptoms

Pg. 14 – discussing thirty documented exonerations of innocent people wrongfully convicted based on shaken baby syndrome (and in 13% of those cases, the innocent person falsely confessed)

Pg. 19 – discussing a survey that reveals fewer than half of forensic pathologists think SBS is a valid diagnosis

Pgs. 20-28 – discussing why experts in biomechanical engineering are relevant to and regularly testify in SBS/AHT cases and how biomechanical studies show that shaking alone cannot produce the medical findings associated with SBS/AHT

Pgs. 28-31 – discussing the many non-abusive causes/circumstances that can present the same diagnostic signs relied upon to support SBS/AHT

Pgs. 38- 39 – collecting research that discusses the biasing impact of false confessions, how they corrode evidence collection and create a false appearance of corroboration, and how likely they are to lead to erroneous convictions

Pgs. 39-40 – documenting the problem of contaminated confessions

Pgs. 41-42 – discussing research showing that (a) individuals who have experienced trauma as well as (b) individuals who are depressed are more susceptible to police coercion and more likely to falsely confess

Pgs. 42-44 – discussing research about the dangers of police reliance on false evidence ploys to induce confessions

Pgs. 48-50 – surveying recent social science evidence on false confessions

Pgs. 50-53 – discussing social science research on confirmation biases in forensics